Thomas Smith Webb

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Thomas Smith Webb AKA "Founding Father of The York or American Rite"

America 1771 - 1819

Comments: Freemason, Union Lodge in Albany; "Founding Father of the York or American Rite"; edited and shortened Preston's basic rites for the 3 American degrees of Masonry; musician, composed Masonic songs and piano pieces; During the British-American War of 1812, Preston, as Grand Master of RI, called out the Masons to build a large wall, called Fort Hiram to resist the British, 1814; developed the current FC straicase lecture, turning Preston's 7 steps into a staircase of 3, 5 and 7 steps;

Teachers: James Anderson; William Preston; Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay; Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund; Jean-Baptiste Willermoz; Brother Ranulf Higden,; Trevisa; William Caxton; William Schaw; William Sinclair or the St. Clair family of Roslin; David Cunningham of Robertland; Sir James Murray of Kilbaderton; Sir Anthony Alexander; Robert Drummond of Carnok; Sir John Veitch of Dawyck; John Carmichael; William Moray of Dreghorn; Sir Robert Moray, his brother; Sir William Bruce, 1671; John Theophilus Desaguliers, Elias Ashmole; Thomas Ruddiman; William Stranhan; MWGM James Heseline; Martin Clare, who added Christina elements; Capt. George Smith, Inspector of the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich; Dr. Thomas Manningham; Thomas Dunkery; Right Worshipful Bro. William L Hutchinson P.G.W., who added still more Christina symbolism to the rituals, author of The Spirit of Masonry; Laurence Dermott of the Ancient Grand Lodge ; William Finch; Bernard Hoff; Raymundo Del Pueyo; Hugh Blair; James Usher aka James Ussher (1581 – 1656), Church of Ireland Archbishop who calculated Creation to 4,004 BCE on a Saurday, leading to the Anno Lux dating system AL in Freemasonry ;

Students: Colonel C.W. Napier-Clavering; Albert Pike ; Rob Morris aka Robert Morris, 1860s, , author of Mnemonics, copied from an incomplete manuscript ; Malcolm C. Duncan ; Albert Mackey; Luke Lockwood of CT; Daniel Coxe; Henry Price; James Graeme; Benjamin Gleason; Henry Fowle; Jeremy L. Cross, author of True Masonic Chart, 1819; G. M. Phillip Tucker; Phillip C Tucker, Jr; John Barney; RW Samuel Wilson; Charles W. Moore; Daniel Sickels, author of The Freemason's Monitor aka The General Ahiman Rezon and Freemason's Guide; Robert Folger aka Dr. Robert Benjamin Folger;; Charles Whitlock Moore; Henry C. Atwood of The Master Workman; William H. Drew, author of The (NY) Freemason's Hand-Book, 1860; George E. Simons, author of The (NY) Standard Masonic Monitor, 1878; M. Wolcott Redding, author of ECCE Orienti!: AX EPITOME OF THE History of the Aucieut Essenes, their Rites and Ceremonies; J. A. Gavitt aka G. A. Gavit, compiler of King Solomon and His Followers 25: Lone Star: A Valuable Aid to the Memory;

Friends : Br. Henry Champion (1751-1824), Revolutionary hero;

Organizations: Freemasonry; the York Rite of Freemasonry ; Knights Templar, provided the ritual and ceremonial procedure of the Templar Orders in America; Grand Commander of what is now the Grand Commandery of Knights Templar AKA Grand Encampment of Knights Templar of the United States ; Psallonian Society; the Handel and Haydn Society

Author: The Freemason's Monitor, or Illustrations of Masonry, 1797; presided over Royal Arch Masons convention of 1799; His version of Prescott's rituals accepted in America at the Baltimore Convention of 1843;

Quotes: "The meeting of a Masonic Lodge is strictly a religious ceremony. The religious tenets of Masonry are few, simple, but fundamental. No lodge or Masonic assembly can be regularly opened or closed without prayer"; "So broad is the religion of Masonry, and so carefully are all sectarian tenets excluded from the system, that the Christian, the Jew, and the Mohammedan, in all their numberless sects and divisions, may and do harmoniously combine in its moral and intellectual work, with the Buddhist, the Parsee, the Confucian, and the worshiper of Deity under every form";

Resources:; read him here -; ; Masonic Enlightenment: the Philosophy, History and Wisdom of Freemasonry, ed by Michael R. Poll; The Webb Ritual in the United States by Silas H. Shepherd; "Restoration of the Middle Chamber Lecture Showcasing Historical Work, article by VW Samuel Lloyd Kinsey, NY, in CT Freemason newspaper March 2014; ; Exile Of William Preston article by WB Chuck 2.0 Landau, Feb.2016 issue;