William L Hutchinson

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Right Worshipful Bro. William L Hutchinson P.G.W. aka "father of masonic symbolism"

England 1732 ‑ 1814

Comments: Freemason; believed the Third Degree of Freemasonry symbolizes the law of Christ, taking the place of the old law of Judaism; antinomianism of a very mild type;

Teachers: James Anderson; William Preston; Thomas Smith Webb; Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay; Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund; Jean-Baptiste Willermoz; Brother Ranulf Higden,; Trevisa; William Caxton; William Schaw; William Sinclair or the St. Clair family of Roslin; David Cunningham of Robertland; Sir James Murray of Kilbaderton; Sir Anthony Alexander; Robert Drummond of Carnok; Sir John Veitch of Dawyck; John Carmichael; William Moray of Dreghorn; Sir Robert Moray, his brother; Sir William Bruce, 1671; John Theophilus Desaguliers, Elias Ashmole; Thomas Ruddiman; William Stranhan; MWGM James Heseline; Martin Clare, who added Christina elements; Capt. George Smith, Inspector of the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich; Dr. Thomas Manningham; Thomas Dunkery; Laurence Dermott of the Ancient Grand Lodge ;

Students: Albert Pike ; Rob Morris aka Robert Morris, 1860s, , author of Mnemonics, copied from an incomplete manuscript ; Malcolm C. Duncan ; Albert Mackey; Luke Lockwood of CT; Daniel Coxe; Henry Price; James Graeme; Benjamin Gleason; Henry Fowle; Jeremy L. Cross, author of True Masonic Chart, 1819; G. M. Phillip Tucker; Phillip C Tucker, Jr; John Barney; RW Samuel Wilson; Charles W. Moore; Daniel Sickels; Alexander Catcott, author of A Treatise on the Deluge, 1768; Dr. William Smith, author of The Student’s Vade Mecum, 1770; Maria de Naglowaska;

Friends: Rev. George Oliver;

Enemies: Rev. Jonathan Ashe, Author of Masonic Manual, 1814;

Organization: Freemasonry, Masonic Lodge of Concord at Barnard Castle; Lodge No. 406, County Durham; Royal Society of Antiquaries;

Author: The Spirit of Masonry aka The Spzrat of Masonry, in Moral and Elvzidatory Lectures,1775; ; " A View of Northumberland,"2 volumes; "A History of Cumberland," 4volumes ; The Hermitage (1772); A Week in a Cottage (1775) aka A Week in a Cottage and A Romance, 1776; Lodge No. 461, Raby; An Excursion to the Lakes of Westmoreland and Cumberland, 1773; The Doubtful Marriage, 1775; The History and Antiquities of the County Palatinate of Durilam;

Quote - " “The Level should advise us that...we are all descended from the same common stock, partake of the like nature, have. ..the same hope. ..; and though distinctions necessarily make a subordination among mankind, yet eminence of station should not make us forget that we are men, nor cause us to treat our brethren, because placed on the lowest spoke of the wheel of fortune, with contempt; because a time will come, and the wisest of men know not how soon, when all distinctions, except in goodness, will cease, and when death—that grand leveler of all human greatness—will bring us to a level at the last”;

Resources: read him here - http://www.phoenixmasonry.org/spirit_of_masonry.htm ; http://encyclopediaoffreemasonry.com/h/hutchinson-william/ ;